Principles of Human Services
Scope and Sequences
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Cluster: Human Services
Course Name: §130.242 Principles of Human Services (One-Half to One Credit)
Course Description: (1) This laboratory course will enable students to investigate careers in the human services career cluster including counseling and mental health, early childhood development, family and community, and personal care services. Each student is expected to complete the knowledge and skills essential for success in high-skill, high-wage, or
high-demand human services careers.
(2) Students are encouraged to participate in extended learning experiences such as career and technical student
organizations and other leadership or extracurricular organizations.
Course Requirements: This course is recommended for students in Grades 9-12. Students must have access to computers, access to foods laboratory facilities, tools and equipment for basic apparel maintenance, and access to professionals in each pathway within human services.
Equipment: None
 
Units of Study Knowledge and Skills Student Expectations Resources

I. Personal Characteristics for Success

A. Decision-making process
1. Ways to make decisions
2. Wants and needs
3. Values - influences on
4. Priorities

B. Characteristics of maturity

C. Long-term and short-term
goals
(1) The student demonstrates
personal characteristics for
success in high-skill, high-wage,
or high-demand careers.
(A) explain and practice responsible decision making consistent with
personal needs, wants, values, and priorities
• PFDCC
• PFDTIG
• SPFL
• TT
• 4-H 4-h.org
• Congressional Youth Leadership
Council www.cylc.org
• FCCLA www.texasfccla.org
www.fcclainc.org
• Mind Tools www.mindtools.com
• National Youth Leadership Council
www.nylc.org
• Youthleadership.com
www.youthleadership.com/index.html
(B) establish measurable short-and long-term goals for personal and
professional life
(C) describe personal management skills needed for productivity such as time and energy
(D) practice ethical and appropriate methods of conflict resolution
F. Effects of wellness
1. Health risk resources
2. Substance abuse

G. Grooming habits and effects
1. How grooming affects
appearance in personal and professional life
2. Appropriate appearance for different occasions
  (F) assess the relationship of wellness to achievement • Centers for Disease Control and
Prevention www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/child
• D.A.R.E.
www.dare.com/home/default.asp
• Kidshealth.org/teen
• National Institute on Drug Abuse
www.nida.nih.gov/NIDAHome.html
• NIDA for Teens
teens.drugabuse.gov/index.php
(E) analyze the significance of grooming and appearance in personal
and professional settings
(H) evaluate appearance in personal and professional settings
H. Factors that affect clothing choices
1. Wardrobe planning
2. Judging and recognizing
quality clothing
3. Clothing care
4. Budgeting for apparel
5. Clothing repair and
maintenance
6. Principles and elements of
design
7. Fashion terms
  (I) apply clothing selection, maintenance, and repair skills to
enhance career opportunities
• PFDTIG
• SPFL
• TT
• 10 Clothing Repairs
diyfashion.about.com/od/mendingandal
terations/tp/Repair_and_Mend_Clothin
g.htm

• Apparel Net www.apparel.net
• Apparel News.net
www.apparelnews.net
• Apparel Search Fashion Industry
Portal www.apparelsearch.com/
Apparel_Search_2.htm
• The Cutting Edge Apparel Business
Guide (Cornell University)
instruct1.cit.cornell.edu/courses/cutting
edge/index2.html

• Fashion www.fashion.org
• The Fashion Group International
newyork.fgi.org
• The Fashion Center
www.fashioncenter.com
• Fashion Icon www.fashion-icon.com
• Fashion Live www.fashionlive.com
• Fashion Navigator www.fashion.at
• Fashion Showroom
www.fashionshowroom.com
• FashionSource.com
www.fashionsource.com
• Office of Textiles and Apparel
(OTEXA) otexa.ita.doc.gov
• Sewing Basics Video Series
www.ehow.com/video_4988901_sewin
g-appliques.html

• Women’s Wear Daily www.wwd.com
I. Introduction to CTSOs
1. Opportunities for leadership
2. Qualities of leaders
3. Types of leaders
4. Qualities of members
5. Importance of teamwork
(1) The student demonstrates
personal characteristics for
success in high-skill, high-wage,
or high-demand careers.
(J) practice leadership skills • PFDTIG
• FCCLA www.texasfccla.org
• SkillsUSA www.skillsusatx.org
J. Researching jobs of personal interest
1. Requirements
2. Resumes/ job applications
3. Interviewing and follow up
4. Entrepreneurial opportunities
(2) The student demonstrates the
skills necessary to enhance
personal and career
effectiveness in consumer
services.
(F) identify employment and entrepreneurial opportunities and
preparation requirements in the areas of personal interest
• PFDCC
• PFDTIG
• SPFL
• TT
• America’s Career Infonet
www.acinet.org/acinet
• The Career Key www.careerkey.org
• CareerPath.com
www.careerpath.com
• Career Voyages
www.careervoyages.gov
• CollegeGrad.com
www.collegegrad.com
• Job Star www.jobstar.org
• Kuder www.kuder.com
• Labor Market and Career Information
(LMCI) www.cdr.state.tx.us
• Monster www.monster.com
• National Research Center for Career
and Technical Education
www.nccte.org
• Occupational Outlook Handbook
www.bls.gov/oco
• O*Net Online online.onetcenter.org
• Texas OSCAR - Occupation and Skill
Computer Assisted Researcher
www.ioscar.org/tx
• Texas Workforce Commission
www.twc.state.tx.us
• Texas Work Prep
www.TexasWorkPrep.com
(3) The student demonstrates the
skills necessary to enhance
personal and career
effectiveness in counseling and
mental health services.
(H) identify employment and entrepreneurial opportunities and
preparation requirements in the areas of personal interest
(4) The student demonstrates the
skills necessary to enhance
personal and career
effectiveness in early childhood
development and services.
(F) identify employment and entrepreneurial opportunities and
preparation requirements in the areas of personal interests
(5) The student demonstrates the
skills necessary to enhance
personal and career
effectiveness in family and
community services.
(I) identify employment and entrepreneurial opportunities and
preparation requirements in the areas of personal interests
(6) The student demonstrates the skills necessary to enhance
personal and career
effectiveness in personal care
services.
(F) identify employment and entrepreneurial opportunities and
preparation requirements in the areas of personal interests

II. Consumer Services

A. Basics of budgeting
1. Factors in saving
2. Types of income

B. Impact of technology on
consumers
1. Debit and credit cards
2. Online checking and
management

C. Making shopping decisions
1. The role of advertising
2. Where and when to shop

D. Consumer rights and
responsibilities
1. Consumer laws
2. The importance of
warranties and return policies
3. Writing a complaint letter

E. Careers available:
1. Entry level, technical,
professional
2. Direction of future trends
(2) The student demonstrates the skills necessary to enhance personal and career
effectiveness in consumer services.
(A) apply the decision-making process in planning the allocation and use of finances • PFDCC
• PFDTIG
• SPFL
• TT
• Achieve Texas www.achievetexas.org
• Career Clusters
www.careerclusters.org
• Consumer Federation of America
www.consumerfed.org
• Consumer Jungle
www.consumerjungle
• Consumer World
www.consumerworld.org
• Consumers Union www.consumers
union.org

• Family Economics and Financial
Education www.fefe.arizona.edu
• FDIC - Money Smart for Young Adults
www.fdic.gov/consumers/consumer/mo
neysmart/young.html

• Federal Citizen Information Center
www.pueblo.gsa.gov
• Federal Trade Commission
www.ftc.gov
• Hands On Banking Program
www.handsonbanking.org/en/
• Jump$tart www.jumpstart.org
• Labor Market and Career Information
www.lmci.state.tx.us
• National Consumers League
www.nclnet.org
• NEFE High School Financial Planning
Programhsfpp.nefe.org/home/
• Occupational Outlook Handbook
www.bls.gov/oco
• O*Net online.onetcenter.org
• Small Business Administration
www.sba.gov
• Texas OSCAR - Occupation and Skill
Computer Assisted Researcher
www.ioscar.org/tx
• U.S. Bureau of Labor and Statistics
www.bls.gov
• Vocational Information Center
www.khake.com/page2.html
(B) employ technology to manage resources
(C) analyze consumer buying techniques that promote effective use
of resources
(D) investigate sustainable techniques for managing resources
(E) describe rewards, demands, and future trends in consumer services careers
 

III. Counseling and Mental Health

A. Types of crises
1. Stages of the family life
cycle
2. Skills and resources for
handling crisis
3. Effects of various crises

B. Effective management of
multiple roles
1. Healthy mental functioning
2. Ways to cope with stress
and depression
3. Warning signs of depression

C. Types of domestic violence
1. Events that can lead to
violence
2. Skills and resources to
handle domestic violence

D. Careers available
1. Entry level, technical,
professional
2. Direction of future trends
(3) The students demonstrates the skills necessary to enhance personal and career
effectiveness in counseling and mental health services.
(A) determine types of crises • PFDTIG
• SPFL
• TT
• Achieve Texas www.achievetexas.org
• American Association of Marriage &
Family Therapy
www.aamft.org/faqs/index_nm.asp
• American Counseling Association
www.counseling.org/CareerCenter
• American Music Therapy Association
www.musictherapy.org/career_ind.html
• America’s Career Infonet
www.acinet.org/acinet
• Child Abuse Prevention Network
child.cornell.edu
• Education Portal educationportal.com/psychiatrist.html
• Explore Health Careers
www.explorehealthcareers.org/en/Care er.122.aspx
• Job Starwww.jobstar.org
• Kuder www.kuder.com
• Labor Market and Career Information
(LMCI) www.lmci.state.tx.us
• Mayo Clinic - Stress Management
www.mayoclinic.com/health/stressmanagement/ MY00435
• Monsterwww.monster.com
• National Research Center for Career
and Technical Education
www.nccte.org
• Nurses www.nursesource.org/ psychiatric.html
• Psychologist-Career Planning
careerplanning.about.com/od/occupations/p/psychologist.htm
• Psychology Career Page
www.uni.edu/walsh/linda1.html
• Occupational Outlook Handbook
www.bls.gov/oco
• O*Net Online online.onetcenter.org
• Stress Management
www.helpguide.org/mental/stress_management_relief_coping.htm
• Stress Management Health Center
www.webmd.com/balance/stressmanagement/stress-management-topicoverview
• Texas FCCLA www.texasfccla.org
• Texas OSCAR - Occupation and Skill
Computer Assisted Researcher
www.ioscar.org/tx/http://psyccareers.apa.org
• Texas Council on Family Violence
www.tcfv.org
• Texas Department of Family and
Protective Services
www.dfps.state.tx.us
(D) determine crises typical of various stages of the life cycle
(C) determine effects of crisis on individuals and families
(E) identify the contributing factors and describe the impact of stress on individuals and relationships
(F) investigate causes, prevention, and treatment of domestic and relationship violence
(G) describe rewards, demands, and future trends in counseling and mental health services
 

IV. Early Childhood Development

A. Basic needs of children
1. Physical needs
2. Emotional needs
3. Social needs
4. Intellectual needs

B. Responsible caregiving
1. Characteristics of caregivers
2. Responsibilities of
caregivers
3. Resources for caregivers

C. Parenting styles

D. Developmentally appropriate
guidance techniques

E. Child Abuse
1. Types of child abuse
2. Events that can lead to child
abuse
3. Skills and resources
available to address child abuse

F. Careers in early childhood
development and services,
including entry level, technical,
and professional

G. Future trends in early
childhood development and
services
(4) The student demonstrates the
skills necessary to enhance
personal and career
effectiveness in early childhood
development and services.
(A) identify the basic needs of children • PFDTIG
• SPFL
• TT
(B) analyze the responsibilities of caregivers for promoting the safety and development of children • Achieve Texas www.achievetexas.org
• Career Clusters
www.careerclusters.org
• American Academy of Pediatrics
www.aap.org
• babycenter www.babycenter.com
• Centers for Disease Control and
Prevention www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/child/
• KidsHealth www.kidshealth.org
• Mayo Clinic www.mayoclinic.com/ health/FirstAidIndex/FirstAidIndex
• MyPyramid www.mypyramid.gov
• National Association for the Education
of Young Children www.naeyc.org
• National Network for Child Care
www.nmchc.org
• Nutrition.gov www.nutrition.gov
• Occupational Outlook Handbook
www.dol.gov/oco
• O*Net Online online.onetcenter.org
• Parenting www.parenting.com
• Prevent Child Abuse America
www.preventchildabuse.org/index.shtml
• Texas Council on Family Violence
www.tcfv.org
• Texas Department of Family and
Protective Services
www.dfps.state.tx.us
• Texas OSCAR www.ioscar.org/tx
• Vocational Information Center
www.khake.com/page2.html
• Zero to Three www.zerotothree.org
(C) evaluate developmentally appropriate guidance techniques for
children
(D) investigate causes, preventions, and treatment of child abuse
(E) describe rewards, demands, and future trends in early childhood
development and services
 

V. Family and Community Services

A. Family functioning
1. Basic functions of the family
2. Roles and responsibilities of
family members
3. Factors that influence family
responsibilities

B. Community involvement
1. Importance
2. Opportunities

C. Nutrition over the life span
1. Dietary needs at different
stages
2. Relation to health, wellness,
and disease
3. Food groups
4. Factors that affect food
choices

D. Food preparation and service
1. Food safety and sanitation
2. Measurements and
equipment
3. Basic food preparation
4. Table setting and etiquette

E. Food labels and consumer purchasing

F. Careers in family and community services

G. Future trends in family and
community services
(5) The student demonstrates the
skills necessary to enhance
personal and career
effectiveness in family and
community services.
(A) identify the basic functions of the family, including roles and
responsibilities
• PFDTIG
• SPFL
• TT
• Achieve Texas www.achievetexas.org
• Career Clusters
www.careerclusters.org
• American Dietetic Association
www.eatright.org
• American Heart Association
www.americanheart.org
• Centers for Disease Control and
Prevention www.cdc.gov
• Chem 4 Kids www.chem4kids.com/files/bio_metabolism.html
• Emily Post Institute
www.emilypost.com
• Food & Drug Administration
www.fda.gov
• Institute of Food Technologists
www.ift.org/cms
• The Journal of Nutrition
jn.nutrition.org/nutinfo
• MyPyramid.gov www.mypyramid.gov
• Nutrition.gov www.nutrition.gov
• Occupational Outlook Handbook
www.bls.gov/oco
• O*Net Online online.onetcenter.org
• Texas OSCAR www.ioscar.org/tx/
• U.S. Department of Agriculture
www.usda.gov/wps/portal
• Vocational Information Center
www.khake.com/page2.html
• What's Cooking America - Food
Storage Chart whatscookingamerica.net/Information/FreezerChart.htm
(C) analyze the multiple roles and responsibilities assumed by individuals within the family
(B) investigate societal, cultural, demographic, and economic factors
affecting the responsibilities of family members
(D) investigate community service opportunities
(F) explain the impact of nutrition on development, wellness, and
productivity over the life span
(H) analyze dietary practices across the life span
(G) prepare nutritious snacks or meals that contribute to wellness and
productivity through the life span
(E) describe rewards, demands, and future trends in family and community services
 

VI. Personal Care Services

A. Life skills needed for success
1. Communication skills
2. Professional image

B. TDLR laws, rules, and regulations

C. Cosmetology career
effectiveness
1. Customer service
2. Clerical development
3. Front desk salon operator
4. Bookkeeping strategies
5. Salon management


D. Marketing and public relations
1. Public speaking
2. Salon demographic
exploration
3. Project; oral presentations
4. Leadership projections

E. Salon fundamentals

F. Employment opportunities in
personal care services

G. Future trends in personal care
services
6) The student demonstrates the
skills necessary to enhance
personal and career
effectiveness in personal care
services.
(A) explore new and emerging technologies that may affect personal
care services
• MSC
• PFDCC
• PFDTIG
• TT
• Achieve Texaswww.achievetexas.org
• Career Clusters
www.careerclusters.org
• National Cosmetology Association
www.ncacares.org
• Occupational Safety & Health
Administration www.osha.gov
• Texas Department of Licensing and
Regulation (TDLR)
www.license.state.tx.us/cosmet/cosmet.htm
• Vocational Information Center
www.khake.com/page16.html
(B) investigate the specific state requirements for licensure in personal
care services
(C) create records, including electronic, of client services to retrieve personal care client information
(D) examine different types of media to achieve maximum impact on targeted client populations
(E) describe rewards, demands, and future trends in personal care services
(F) identify employment and entrepreneurial opportunities and
preparation requirements in the areas of personal interests
 
 
Resources  
Books  
PFDCC 1569186596 - Personal and Family Development Curriculum Caddy, CEV Multimedia, Ltd., 2004
PFDTIG Personal and Family Development Teacher’s Instructional Guide, Curriculum Center for FCS, 2008
SPFL 1590701003 - Skills for Personal and Family Living, Goodheart-Willcox Company, 2004
TT 0078463696 - Today’s Teen, Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Division, 2004
   
Websites  
   
4-H http://4-h.org
10 Clothing Repairs http://diyfashion.about.com/od/mendingandalterations/tp/Repair_and_Mend_Clothing.htm
Achieve Texas www.achievetexas.org
America’s Career Infonet www.acinet.org/acinet
American Academy of Pediatrics www.aap.org
American Association of Marriage& Family Therapy www.aamft.org/faqs/index_nm.asp
American Counseling Association www.counseling.org/CareerCenter
American Dietetic Association www.eatright.org
American Heart Association www.americanheart.org
American Music Therapy Association www.musictherapy.org/career_ind.html
Apparel Net www.apparel.net
Apparel News.net www.apparelnews.net
Apparel Search Fashion Industry Portal www.apparelsearch.com/ Apparel_Search_2.htm
babycenter www.babycenter.com
Career Clusters www.careerclusters.org
Career Voyages www.careervoyages.gov
CareerPath.com www.careerpath.com
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention www.cdc.gov
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/child/
Chem 4 Kids www.chem4kids.com/ files/bio_metabolism.html
Child Abuse Prevention Network http://child.cornell.edu
CollegeGrad.com www.collegegrad.com
Congressional Youth Leadership Council www.cylc.org
Consumer Federation of America www.consumerfed.org
Consumer Jungle www.consumerjungle
Consumer World www.consumerworld.org
Consumers Union www.consumersunion.org
D.A.R.E. www.dare.com/home/default.asp
Education Portal http://education-portal.com/psychiatrist.html
Emily Post Institute www.emilypost.com
Explore Health Careers www.explorehealthcareers.org/en/Career.122.aspx
Family Economics and Financial Education www.fefe.arizona.edu
Fashion www.fashion.org
Fashion Icon www.fashion-icon.com
Fashion Live www.fashionlive.com
Fashion Navigator www.fashion.at
Fashion Showroom www.fashionshowroom.com
FashionSource.com www.fashionsource.com
FCCLA www.fcclainc.org
FCCLA, Texas www.texasfccla.org
FDIC - Money Smart for Young Adults www.fdic.gov/consumers/consumer/moneysmart/young.html
Federal Citizen Information Center www.pueblo.gsa.gov
Federal Trade Commission www.ftc.gov
Food & Drug Administration www.fda.gov
Hands On Banking Program www.handsonbanking.org/en
Institute of Food Technologists www.ift.org/cms
Job Star www.jobstar.org
Jump$tart www.jumpstart.org
KidsHealth www.kidshealth.org
www.kidshealth.org/teen
Kuder www.kuder.com
Labor Market and Career Information (LMCI) www.lmci.state.tx.us
Mayo Clinic www.mayoclinic.com/health/FirstAidIndex/FirstAidIndex
Mayo Clinic - Stress Management www.mayoclinic.com/health/stress-management/MY00435
Mind Tools www.mindtools.com
Monster www.monster.com
MyPyramid www.mypyramid.gov
National Association for the Education of Young Children www.naeyc.org
National Consumers League www.nclnet.org
National Cosmetology Association www.ncacares.org
National Institute on Drug Abuse www.nida.nih.gov/NIDAHome.html
National Network for Child Care www.nmchc.org
National Research Center for Career and Technical Education www.nccte.org
National Youth Leadership Council www.nylc.org
NEFE High School Financial Planning Program http://hsfpp.nefe.org/home
NIDA for Teens http://teens.drugabuse.gov/index.php
Nurses www.nursesource.org/ psychiatric.html
Nutrition.gov www.nutrition.gov
O*Net http://online.onetcenter.org
Occupational Outlook Handbook www.bls.gov/oco
Occupational Safety & Health Administration www.osha.gov
Office of Textiles and Apparel (OTEXA) http://otexa.ita.doc.gov
Parenting www.parenting.com
Prevent Child Abuse America www.preventchildabuse.org/index.shtml
Psychologist-Career Planning http://careerplanning.about.com/od/occupations/p/psychologist.htm
Psychology Career Page www.uni.edu/walsh/linda1.html
Sewing Basics Video Series www.ehow.com/video_4988901_sewing-appliques.html
SkillsUSA www.skillsusatx.org
Small Business Administration www.sba.gov
Stress Management www.helpguide.org/mental/stress_management_relief_coping.htm
Stress Management Health Center www.webmd.com/balance/stress-management/stress-management-topic-overview
Texas Council on Family Violence www.tcfv.org
Texas Department of Family and Protective Services www.dfps.state.tx.us
Texas Department of Licensing and Regulation (TDLR) www.license.state.tx.us/cosmet/cosmet.htm
Texas FCCLA www.texasfccla.org
Texas OSCAR - Occupation and Skill Computer Assisted Researcher www.ioscar.org/tx
Texas OSCAR - Occupation and Skill Computer Assisted Researcher www.ioscar.org/tx/http://psyccareers.apa.org
Texas Work Prep www.TexasWorkPrep.com
Texas Workforce Commission www.twc.state.tx.us
The Career Key www.careerkey.org
The Cutting Edge Apparel Business Guide (Cornell University) http://instruct1.cit.cornell.edu/courses/cuttingedge/index2.html
The Fashion Center www.fashioncenter.com
The Fashion Group International http://newyork.fgi.org
The Journal of Nutrition http://jn.nutrition.org/nutinfo
U.S. Bureau of Labor and Statistics www.bls.gov
U.S. Department of Agriculture www.usda.gov/wps/portal
Vocational Information Center www.khake.com/page2.html
Vocational Information Center www.khake.com/page16.htm
What's Cooking America - Food Storage Chart http://whatscookingamerica.net/Information/FreezerChart.htm
Women’s Wear Daily www.wwd.com
Youthleadership.com www.youthleadership.com

Zero to Three

www.zerotothree.org

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